Post-MDGs: 2015 and Beyond
By Kai-Hsin Hung
The 2015 targets for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are now only three years away. Adopted in 2000, the United Nations MDGs are eight international time-bound targets that provide a global international cooperation framework for nations to work together to eradicate extreme poverty and improve human development across the world. The MDGs are not just challenges of the Global South or the Majority World, they are the creation of a normative world that is a more just and humane.
On multiple fronts, advancements on the MDGs can be seen trying to free humanity from extreme poverty, hunger, illiteracy, and disease.Â According to the Millennium Development Goals Report 2011, thereÂ has beenÂ positive progress and encouraging results, thus far.Â Between 2005 and 2008, the percentage of people living on less than $1.25 a day has declined in every region of the world.Â According to the World Bankâ€™s tri-year monitoring of extreme poverty report led by Matin Ravallion, â€œWe are now confident that the developing world has reached the first of the Millennium Goals.â€ Â Significant progress can also be seen in the reduction of child mortality, improvement ofÂ maternal health, and in achievment of universal primary education. It is essential to note however, that major challenges remain, including massive disparities in social development between andÂ within regions and countries, identity groups, and genders. Significant progress of the MDGs can be seen in Asia and emerging markets. For more detail on this, UNAC-NCRB invites you to look at the MDGs: 2011 Progress Chart.
What about post-2015?
At the address to the 66th United Nations General Assembly: â€œWe the Peoplesâ€, Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon explained that
â€œâ€¦As I see it, we have five imperatives … five generational opportunities to shape the world of tomorrow by the decisions we make today. The first and greatest of these is sustainable development … the imperative of the 21st century. Saving our planet, lifting people out of poverty, advancing economic growth … these are one and the same fight. We must connect the dots between climate change, water scarcity, energy shortages, global health, food security and women’s empowerment. Solutions to one problem must be solutions for all. As the global summit in Rio approaches, negotiations are still in flux, but some ideas that could advance the global sustainability agenda are gaining momentum…â€
– Ban Ki-Moon,Â September 2011
One proposal tabled by Columbia and Guatemala is the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are emerging as a potentially significant directionÂ that hasÂ global policy implications for the post-2015 MDGs development agenda.Â Looking ahead,Â with Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)Â set to expire in 2015, ideas for governments to launch a processÂ at Rio+20 Conference on Sustainable DevelopmentÂ will be toÂ develop broader SDGs that would complement or succeed them.
Emerging Giants: Ecosystems, Women and Youth, and Africa
In this century, the world is changing at an astonishing pace. These changes areÂ triggered by new forms of space-time compressing transportation; communication, information and technological advancements; andÂ an integration of the positive and negative aspects of globalization. The emergence of BRICS and the G20 speak to the global changing dynamics of the international geopolitical economy. However, there is a new wave of emerging giants: ecosystems, women and youth, and Africa.Â Stay tunedâ€¦ for more in August 2012.
For more information on post-MDG discussions, please checkÂ these following external sources:
- Post2015.org â€“ what comes after the MDGs? (Post2015.org, site facilitated by Overseas Development Institute)
- Rio+20: Moving ahead with the Sustainable Development Goals (World Resource Institute)
- Young People on the post-MDG Debate (Restless Development)
- African countries urged to influence the post-MDG development agenda (Commissioner for Economic Development, African Union)